e-Pallet

Glossary


Pallet nail with annular (circular ring) threads rolled onto the shank


See Strap Slot


Four-sided superstructure to be mounted on a pallet base, with or without a cover; also known as a box or container bin pallet


Rectangular, square or cylindrical deck spacer, often identified by its location within the pallet as corner block, end block, edge block, inner block, center or middle blocks


A type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck


Assembly of deckboards comprising the lower, load bearing surface of the pallet


An inner deckboard placed tightly against an adjacent lead deckboard during pallet assembly


Computer-aided-design software that allows the design of the “right” pallet at the best value; see Pallet Design System (PDS)


CAPTIVE PALLET — A pallet intended for use within the confines of a single facility, system or ownership; not intended to be exchanged


Deckboards with edges of one or two faces beveled, either along the full or specified length of board or between the stringers of blocks, allowing easier entry of pallet jack wheels


Shipping system restricted to moving goods between specified plants and facilities


Collapsible wooden container or bin which transforms a pallet into a box


A cost-share system where the partial cost of a pallet is passed-through from the purchaser to the receiver of the pallet


Average cost of pallet use for a single one-way trip


One or more boards or panels comprising the top or bottom surface of the pallet


Assembly of deckboards and stringer boards, forming the deck of a block pallet


Element or component of a pallet deck, oriented perpendicular to the stringer or stringer board


Distance between adjacent deckboards


Distance between deckboard supports (stringers, stringer boards or blocks)


The amount of deformation or bending in a pallet or pallet component under load


See Pallet Dimensions


A pallet with top and bottom decks


A pallet with top and bottom deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringer boards


Helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail


Output from PDS program which identifies the number of trips the pallet will make, provided it is properly repaired, which maximizes a return on investment


A pallet intended for use among a designated group of shippers and receivers where ownership of the pallet is transferred with the ownership of the unit load; common pool pallet


A pallet intended for a series of handlings during a single trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Shipping Pallet


A mechanical device for joining pallet components such as nails, staples, bolts or screws


FASTENER SHEAR INDEX — Relative measure of shear resistance of the pallet fastener


A pallet with deckboards flush with the stringers, stringer-boards or blocks along the sides of the pallet


Opening between decks, beneath the top deck or beneath the stringer notch to admit forks


A pallet with openings at both pallet ends and along pallet sides sufficient to admit hand-pallet jacks; full four-way entry pallet


The distance between supports in a warehouse rack


Space provided in the bottom deck to allow pallet jack wheels to bear on the floor


A single pick-up, movement and set-down of a loaded or empty pallet


Heat-treated and tempered steel pallet nail with a MIBANT angle between 8 and 28 degrees


Wood from broad-leaved species of trees non-coniferous, (not necessarily hard or dense)


Helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail, see also Drive Screw Nail


Any deckboard located between the end deckboards


Intersection and connection of components, often identified by location within the pallet as the end joint, center joint and corner joint


Refers to the stringer or stringer board (in block pallets) length; also refers to the first dimension given to describe a pallet i.e., 48″ x 40″, where 48″ is the pallet stringer/stringer board length


Output from PDS program which is equivalent to the number of trips the pallet will last before needing repair


The weight of a unit load concentrated along a narrow area across the full length or width of the pallet


Actual area of material in contact with and supporting a unit load


The bend angle in a fastener shank when subjected to a MIBANT test


Standard impact nail tester used in the pallet and lumber industry as an indication of impact bend resistance of nails or staples


Fastener made from endless wire by cutting a point and forming a head at the shank end opposite the point


A national association with the goal of promoting the design, manufacture, distribution, recycling, and sale of pallets, containers, and reels


A pallet with bottom deckboard configuration different from top deck


Cutout in lower portion of the stringer to allow entry for the fork tine, usually 9" in length, 1 1/2" in depth


A stringer with two notches spaced for fork-tine entry, (partial four-way entry)


The vertical distance measured between decks, from the floor to the underside of the top deck, or from the floor to the top of the stringer notch


The vertical distance measured from the floor to the top side of the top deck


The distance the deck extends from the outer edge of the stringer or stringer board; wing; lip; distance the unit load extends beyond the deck


A portable, horizontal, rigid platform used as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling and transporting goods as a unit load, often equipped with a superstructure


Reliability-based computer-aided design (CAD) program, for determining the safe load carrying capacity, performance, life and economy of wooden pallets


When specifying pallet size, the stringer or stringer board (block pallet) length is always expressed first; for example, a 48" x 40" pallet has a 48" stringer or stringer board and 40" deckboards. This is critical when calling out a pallet size.


Hand-propelled wheeled platform, equipped with a lifting device for moving palletized unit loads


The period during which the pallet remains useful, expressed in units of time or in the number of one-way trips


Pallet constructed with composite or structural panel top deck


A pallet with notched stringers


A pallet fitted with posts or blocks between the decks or beneath the top deck; see block pallet


Consistent performance of a uniform product meeting the customer's needs for economy and function


Output from PDS program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the deckboards


Output from the PDS program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the stringers or stringer boards


A pallet, container or reel that has been used, discarded, salvaged, repaired and which passes through a cycle again


A pallet owned by a third party, different from the actual pallet user


To remake in order to use again


A pallet designed to be used for more than one trip


A pallet with identical top and bottom decks


Pallet designed to be used for a single one-way trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Expendable Pallet


Cut-to-size pallet parts to be assembled into pallets


The classification of the quality of pallet parts relative to performance characteristics based on size and distribution of defects, independent of wood species


A pallet with the top deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringer-boards with the bottom deckboards flush (if present)


A pallet having no bottom deck


Pallet, platform or single, thick panel used as a support base for a palletized load in rack-storage facilities or production systems


Pallet nail with a MIBANT angle equal to or greater than 47 degrees


Wood from coniferous or needle-bearing trees (not necessarily soft or low density)


A pallet constructed with no spacing between deckboards


The distance between stringer or block supports


A pallet designed for use on seaport shipping docks, normally of heavy-duty, double-wing construction


Pallet nail made of medium-high carbon steel without heat treatment and tempering with MIBANT angle between 29 and 46 degrees


Recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer or the bottom of the top deckboard to allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding, also called the banding notch


Thin flat bands used to secure load to pallet


Continuous, longitudinal, solid or notched beam-component of the pallet used to support deck components, often identified by location as the outside or center stringer


In block pallets, continuous, solid board member extending for the full length of the pallet perpendicular to deckboard members and placed between deckboards and blocks


A pallet fitted with fixed cleats on the top deckboards to permit fork truck tines to pass beneath the unit load and remove it from the pallet


Panel to be placed on top of a unit load to allow for tight strapping without damaging the unit load


The assembly of deckboards comprising the upper load-carrying surface of the pallet


Consists of four to six handlings of a pallet


A pallet with un-notched solid stringers allowing entry only from the ends


Assembly of goods on a pallet for handling, moving, storing and stacking as a single entity


A double-face multiple trip returnable pallet intended for general warehouse use


Overhang of deckboard end from outside edge of stringer or stringer-board